Data centers are at the heart of the modern business. New requirements around cloud, virtualization and user density has placed even more pressure on data center operators to deliver a powerful, and economical, solution. All of this translates to greater data center utilization rates and more power requirements.
Globally, data center power consumption has been growing. In fact, IDC reports that energy consumption per server is growing by 9% per year globally as growth in performance pushes demand for energy. As more organizations place their environments into the data enter, energy efficiency and data center management have become extremely important for multiple reasons. Not only are data center administrators working hard to cut costs – they’re also working overtime to minimize management overhead and improve infrastructure agility.
Consider this – a recent NRDC report indicates that data center electricity consumption is projected to increase to roughly 140 billion kilowatt-hours annually by 2020, the equivalent annual output of 50 power plants, costing American businesses $13 billion annually in electricity bills. And, a report from DataCenterDynamics indicates that the world’s data centers are expected to consume 19% more energy over the course of the next 12 months than they have in the past year. According to the report, data centers currently consume about 31 GW, a report on energy consumption data included in the census concludes. The average total power to rack is about 4.05 kW, with 58% of racks consuming 5 kW per rack, 28% consuming from 5 kW to 10 kW per rack and the rest consuming more than 10 kW per rack.
So, how do you keep up with the pace of demand? And, most of all – How do you control ALL of the hidden costs behind $/MW?
First of all, you have to understand the design elements of a data center. The following factors are the primary drivers of data center design, and each has a direct impact on cost:
- Data Hall Density
- Resiliency/Redundancy Requirements or “Tier” Make Up
- Scalable Attributes – Full vs. Partial Build-out of Facility:
- Ancillary Costs
In this whitepaper from Skanska, you’ll learn that while these primary drivers are common across all data centers, no two data centers are designed to be exactly alike. Not surprisingly, variations between these primary drivers lead to cost differences between data centers that are not always evident from $/MW alone.
The Real Cost of a Data Center Build
Dollars per megawatt is a misleading metric because there are no guidelines that define which costs should be included in a $/MW estimate, and individual owners and contractors define their $/MW differently. Several accumulating costs determine the total price of a greenfield data center, including design, land, substation requirements, utility costs, regional impacts, permit/entitlement Page 2 costs, site, building, MEP and commissioning (Cx) costs. However, it is often unclear which if these costs are included in the $/MW for a specific build. As a result, $/MW is not always representative of the total price of a data center build.
Download this whitepaper today to better understand all of the costs and design considerations when working with your own data center project. Remember, informed decision-making is key to completing a successful data center project on budget, so take the time to examine your costs holistically and from multiple angles.